According to a new federal survey released this week by the U.S. Census Bureau, number of uninsured Americans declined from 13.3 percent of the population in 2013 to 9.1 percent in 2015. Uninsured rates declined across all age groups with adults ages 19-25 experiencing the biggest one-year drop. The uninsured rate among adults ages 19-25 dropped by 2.6 percentage points in 2015. Young adults ages 19 and 26 have a higher uninsured rate than other ages in the group likely due to Child Health Plus ending at age 19 and children losing coverage through their parents at 26. Among racial/ethnic groups, Latinos experienced the largest coverage gains although they continue to be the most likely to lack insurance.
Data from the American Community Survey shows higher uninsured rates in states that have not expanded Medicaid. In 2013, 19 states had uninsured rates of more than 14 percent. In 2015, only Alaska and Texas have uninsured rates that high and at the time data was collected neither had expanded Medicaid (Alaska’s Medicaid expansion went into effect September 2015).
Despite tremendous gains in the number of people covered by insurance, 29 millions Americans remain uninsured. States that have not expanded Medicaid should accept the federal dollars available to them to expand coverage for low-income residents of their states. For more details check out this report from the Commonwealth Fund.